There are three TYPES OF ENVIRONMENT:-

a) Neutral:- Environmental lapse rate (ELR) becomes equal to Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate(DALR). (ELR)=(DALR)

b) Unstable:- Environmental lapse rate becomes more than the Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate. (ELR)>(DALR)

c) Stable:- Environmental lapse rate becomes less than the Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate. (ELR)<(DALR)


The environment may be described because of the environment or situations wherein a person, animal, or plant lives or operates. The term “surroundings” refers to all factors of the bodily and organic world, in addition to the interactions among them. Environment performs a pre-eminent position inside the existence cycle of man or women as human existence is particularly dependent on surroundings. The environment has Productive value, Aesthetic/Recreational value; which has been defined afterward beneath neath the paragraph of “What Environment does for us” 

The environment is the grand overall of situations that surrounds us at a given factor of time and space. It is constituted of the interacting structures of bodily, organic, and cultural factors which might be interlinked each for my part and collectively. The environment is the sum overall of situations wherein an organism has to continue to exist or hold its existence process. It impacts the boom and improvement of dwelling organisms.

In different phrases, surroundings refer to the one’s environment that surrounds dwelling beings from all aspects and have an effect on their lives in toto. It includes the atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere. Its leader additives are soil, water, air, organisms, and solar energy. It has furnished us all of the sources for main a snug existence.

Components of Environment:

Environment specifically includes atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere. But it may be more or less divided into sorts such as (a) Micro surroundings and (b) Macro surroundings. It also can be divided into different sorts such as (c) Physical and (d) Biotic surroundings.

  • Micro surroundings approach the instant nearby surrounding of the organism.
  • Macro surroundings approach all of the bodily and biotic situations that surround the organism externally.
  • Physical surroundings refer to all abiotic elements or situations like temperature, light, rainfall, soil, minerals, etc. It incorporates of atmosphere, lithosphere, and hydrosphere.
  • Biotic surroundings consist of all biotic elements or residing paperwork like flowers, animals, microorganisms.

What Environment does for us?

• Productive price of nature: Raw substances which are used for

I. growing new medicines

II. commercial merchandise and

III. Are storehouses from which to expend heaps of latest merchandise withinside the destiny?

• Aesthetic/Recreational price of nature: The aesthetic and leisure values that nature possesses liven up our lifestyles on the earth. An authentic barren region revel in has

I. Recreational price

II. Incredible mastering revel in.

III. It brings approximately information of the oneness of nature and the reality that we’re totally structured upon the problematic functioning of ecosystems.

• The alternative values of nature: If we dissipate all our assets, kill off and permit species of flowers and animals to emerge as extinct on earth, pollute our air and water, degrade land, and create great portions of waste, we as technology will go away not anything for destiny generations. Our gift technology has advanced its economies and life on unsustainable styles of life. However, nature gives us numerous alternatives on how we make use of its items and offerings. This is its alternative price. The alternative price permits us to apply its assets sustainably and hold its items and offerings for destiny.

The time period surroundings have been derived from a French phrase “Environia” manner to surround. It refers to each Abiotic (bodily or non-dwelling) and Biotic (dwelling) surroundings. The phrase surroundings manner surroundings, wherein organisms live. Environment and organisms are organized and complicated elements of nature. Environment controls the existence of organisms which include human beings. Human beings have interacted with their surroundings extra vigorously than different dwelling beings. Ordinarily, surroundings refer back to the substances and forces that surround the dwelling organism.

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